JAPANESE to ENGLISH

INDEX

ako (下炬) torches of transmigration

Amida butsu (阿弥陀仏) Amida Buddha

amida-kyo [smaller Sutra of Immeasurable Life ] (阿弥陀経) Amida Sutra

-see jodosanbu-kyo

Anan (阿難) Ananda

ango (安居) rainy season retreat

anjin (安心) Established Mind

-see sanjin

Anraku (安楽)

betsuji-nembutsu (別時念仏) Special Nembutsu

betsu-no-nembutsu (別の念仏) Specific Nembutsu

Bon () summer memorial services

-see Urabon or Obon

bonpu (凡夫) ignorant, deluded person

bosatsu (菩薩) bodhisattva

butsudan (仏壇) home altar

butsumyoe (仏名会) Chanting of the Buddhas' Names

chinzei-ha (鎮西派) Chinzei school

Chion-in (知恩院)

Chosai (長西)

chu-in (中陰) intermediate stage between birth and death

chu-in-kuyo (中陰供養) Chu-in Services

chukei (中啓) ceremonial fan

daikin (大鑿) large ceremonial bell

dankaseido (檀家制度) family temple registration system

Dogen (道元)

Donran (曇鸞) [ch. T'an-luan]

Doshaku (道綽) [ch.Tao-ch'o ]

doshi (導師) ceremony leader

Eiku (叡空)

eitai-kuyo (永代供養) Extended Rites, literally "eternal services"

ekohotsuganshin (廻向発願心) Mind which Dedicates One's Merit to the Pure Land with the Resolution to Be Born There

-see sanjin

engi (縁起) [skt. pratitya-samutpada] dependent co-origination

Fujaku (普寂)

gaki (餓鬼) hungry ghost

gakkai (学階) scholastic rank

gassho (合掌)

Genchi (源智)

Genko (源光)

Genshin (源信)

gogyakuzai (五逆罪) five grievous sins

gojusoden-e (五重相伝会) Fivefold Transmission Retreat

gyakushu seppo (逆修説法) "Pre-emptive Funeral" Sermons

gyoki (御忌) Honen's Memorial Day [Jan. 25]

haibutsu kishaku (廃仏希釈) anti-Buddhist movement

haka () grave stone

hakken-shiki (撥遣式) desacralizing ceremony

hanamatsuri [Apr. 8] (花まo) Buddha's Birthday

hasshodo (八正道) [skt. aryastangika-marga] Noble Eightfold Path

Higan (彼岸) equinoctial memorial service, literally "the other shore"

hijiri () mendicant

nembutsu- (念仏聖) nembutsu mendicant; nembutsu itinerant

hogu (法具) ceremonial materials

hojin (報身) [skt. sambhogakaya] Bliss Body; Reward Body

-see sanjin

hondo (本堂) main hall

Honen Shonin (法然上人) Honen Shonin

hongan (本願) Original Vow

honzon (本尊) main image

hosshin (法身) [skt. dharmakaya] Dharma Body

-see sanjin

hossu (払子) whisk

hotoke-sama (仏様) deceased ancestors, literally "venerable buddhas"

Hozo bosatsu (法蔵菩薩) Dharmakara Bodhisattva

hyakumanben-juzu (百万遍数珠) one million nembutsu rosary

hyobyaku (表白) invocation

ichimai-kishomon (一枚起請文) One Page Document

ichinen-gi (一念義) Single Recitation doctrine

igyodo (易行道) Easy Path

ihai (位牌) memorial tablet

ihaidan (位牌壇) memorial tablet platform

ina (維郡) chant leader

indo (引導) witnessing guidance

inkin (引鑿) small ceremonial bell

Ippen (一遍)

irui-no-jogo (異類の助業) Different Good Practices

isshi-koshosoku (一紙小消息) Reply to a Disciple

jakkojodo-gi (寂光浄土義) Tranquil Light doctrine

ji-in (寺院) temple

-see otera

jizoku (寺族) temple family

jichin-shiki (地鎮式) ground breaking ceremony

jiriki (自力) Self Power

jinshin (深心) Profound Mind

-see sanjin

ji-shu (時宗 ) Ji Sect

jobon-shiki (浄焚式) immolation ceremony

jodoe [Dec. 8] (成道会) Buddha's Enlightenment

jodo-mon (浄土門) Gateway of the Pure Land

jodosanbu-kyo (浄土三部経)Three Sutras of the Pure Land

muryoju-kyo (無量寿経) Sutra of Immeasurable Life

kammuryoju-kyo (観無量寿経) Meditation Sutra

amida-kyo (阿弥陀経) Amida Sutra [smaller Sutra of Immeasurable Life ]

jodo-shu (浄土宗) Pure Land Sect

jodoshin-shu (浄土真宗) True Pure Land Sect

jogo (助業) Auxiliary Practices

joya-no-kane (除夜の鐘) New Year's Eve bells

juhachigan (十八願) Eighteenth Original Vow

jukai-e (授戒会) taking the precepts

Juren (住蓮)

jushoku (住職) chief priest

juya-e (十夜会) Ten Night Chanting

juzu (数珠) rosary

hyakumanben- (百万遍数珠) one million nembutsu rosary

shogon- (荘厳数珠) ceremonial rosary

Kachio-dera (勝尾寺)

kaigen (開眼) enshrinement

kaimyo (戒名) dharma name

kaishaku (割笏) wood chanting blocks

kairitsu (戒律) precepts

kammuryoju-kyo (観無量寿経) Meditation Sutra

-see jodosanbu-kyo

kammuryoju-kyosho (観無量寿経疏) Commentary on the Meditation Sutra

kanjo (潅頂) water rite; Abhiseka Ceremony

Kannon bosatsu (観音菩薩) Kannon Bodhisattva

karoku-no-honan (嘉禄の法難) Karoku Persecution

keko (華籠) lotus plate

Kenni (顕意)

kesa (袈裟) robe

ketsujoojoshin (決定往生心) Firm Establishment of Faith

kikon (機根) capability of people

kikyoshiki (帰敬式) taking refuge in the Triple Gem

koden (香典) funeral donation

Koen (皇円)

kokubetsu-shiki (告別式) Farewell Rite

komyokai (光明会) Komyokai movement

koritsu-ha (興律派) Precepts movement

koro (香炉) incense burner

koromo (法衣) colored robe

Kosai (幸西)

kosho (洪鐘) temple bell

Kumaraju (鳩魔羅什) Kumarajiva

kumotsu (供物) offering

kuri (庫裡) temple family's quarters

kuyo (供養) veneration; memorial service

kyogyoshinsho (教行信證) The True Teaching, Practice, and Realization of the Pure Land Way

kyohon (経本) sutra

kyokai (教階) preaching rank

kyosei-kai (共生会) Kyoseikai movement

Kyoshu (敬首)

kyozukue (経机) sutra table

makura-gyo (枕経) Death Guidance, literally "pillow sutra"

mappo (末法) Age of the Final Dharma

-see shozomatsu

matsudai nembutsu jushu-in (末代念仏授手印 ) Handprint for Transmission of the Nembutsu to Future Generations

mokugyo (木魚) wooden fish block

muga (無我) [skt. anatman] Not-self

muryoju-kyo (無量寿経) Sutra of Immeasurable Life

-see jodosanbu-kyo

Namu Amida Butsu (南無阿弥陀仏) "Homage to Amida Buddha"

nangyodo (難行道) Difficult Path

nehan (涅槃) nirvana

nehan-e [Feb. 15] (涅槃会) Buddha's Memorial Day

nembutsu (念仏)

betsuji- (別時念仏) Special Nembutsu

betsu-no- (別の念仏) Specific Nembutsu

-hijiri (念仏聖) nembutsu mendicant; nembutsu itinerant

-zammai (念仏三昧) Nembutsu Samadhi [mental absorption in the nembutsu]

senju- (専修念仏) Exclusive Nembutsu; Single-Minded Recitation of the Nembutsu

sono- (総の念仏) General Form of the Nembutsu

nenkai-hoyo (年回法要) Anniversary Service

nichijo gongyo (日常勤行) daily service

Nichiren (日蓮)

nisotaimen (二祖対面) Dream of Zendo

nokotsudo (納骨堂) memorial hall

nyo () gong

obosan (お坊さん) priest

-see soryo

Obon (お盆) summer memorial services

-see Urabon or Bon

ojin (応身) [skt. nirmanakaya] Manifested Body

-see sanjin [Three Bodies]

ojo (往生) Birth [in the Pure Land]

ojoyoshu (往生要集) Collection on the Essentials for Birth

omamori (お守り) amulet, literally to "guard or protect"

otera (お寺) temple

-see ji-in

otsuya (通夜) wake

raihai (礼拝) prostration

Reitan (霊潭)

reizen (霊膳) meal offering

Ryochu (良忠)

Ryukan (隆寛)

Ryushin (立信)

saihoshinan-sho (西方指南抄) A Teaching to the Western Land

sandoku (三毒) Three Poisons [of greed, anger and delusion]

sanjin (三心) Three Minds

shijoshin (至誠心) Utterly Sincere Mind

jinshin (深心) Profound Mind

ekohotsuganshin (廻向発願心) Mind which Dedicates One's Merit to the Pure Land with the Resolution to Be Born There

sanjin (三身) Three Bodies

hosshin (法身) [skt. dharmakaya] Dharma Body

hojin (報身) [skt. sambhogakaya] Bliss Body; Reward Body

ojin (応身) [skt. nirmanakaya] Manifested Body

sanka (散華) paper lotus petals

Segaki (施餓鬼) ancestral ceremony

Seishi-bosatsu (勢至菩薩) Seishi Bodhisattva

seizan-ha (西山派) Seizan school

senchaku (選択) Selection and Rejection

senchaku hongan nembutsu-shu [senchaku-shu ] (選択本願念仏集 [選択集]) Passages on the Selection of the Nembutsu in the Original Vow

senju-nembutsu (専修念仏) Exclusive Nembutsu; Single Minded-Recitation of the Nembutsu

senko (線香) stick incense

sensho (宣疏) convocation

Shakamuni-butsu (釈迦牟尼仏) Shakyamuni Buddha

sha-kyo (写経) Sutra Copying

Sharihotsu (舎利弗) Shariputra

shasei-ha (捨世派) Renunciation movement

shasui (洒水) ritual purification

shichikajo kisho mon (七箇条起請文) Seven Article Pledge

shijoshin (至誠心) Utterly Sincere Mind

-see sanjin

shikishu (式衆) assistant priest

shin () mind

-see sanjin

shin () body

-see sanjin

shingon-shu (真言宗) Shingon Sect

shinnyo (真如) Suchness [skt. tathata]

Shinran (親鸞)

shinzan-shiki (晋山式) inauguration of a chief priest

Shiio Benkyo(椎尾弁匡)

shitai (四諦) Four Noble Truths

shodomon (聖道門) Gateway of the Holy Path

Shogei (聖冏)

shogon-juzu (荘厳数珠) ceremonial rosary

shogyo (正行) Right Practices

shogyohongan-gi (諸行本願義) Various Practices Corresponding to the Original Vow doctrine

sho-in (書院) study room

shojono-go (正定之業) Rightly Established Practice

shoko (焼香) incense offering

Shoko [Bencho] (聖光 [弁長])

Shoku (証空)

Shonen (称念)

shoro (鐘楼) bell tower

shoryodana (精霊棚) table of food offerings

Shoso (聖聡)

Shotatsu (聖達)

shozomatsu (正像末) Three Ages of the Dharma

shobo (正法) Age of the Right Dharma

zoho (像法) Age of the Semblance Dharma

mappo (末法) Age of the Final Dharma

shushoe (修正会) New Year Practice

shusokotan-e (宗祖降誕会) Founder's Day; Honen's Birthday [Apr. 7]

sogi (葬儀) funeral

sokai (僧階) ecclesiastical rank

sono-nembutsu (総の念仏) General Form of the Nembutsu

Sonsho (尊照)

soryo (僧侶) priest

-see obosan

tabi (足袋) ceremonial socks

taiya (逮夜) evening service

tanagyo (棚経) Urabon chanting

Tanzei (弾誓)

tariki (他力) Other Power

teido (剃度) tonsure

tendai-shu (天台宗) Tendai Sect

tokudo-shiki (得度式) ordination ceremony

Tokuhon (徳本)

tsuizen-kuyo (追善供養) Tsuizen Service

Urabon (盂蘭盆) summer memorial services

-see Obon or Bon

Yamazaki Bennei (山崎弁栄)

Zendo (善導) [ch.Shan-tao]

zogyo (雑行) Miscellaneous Practices

Zojo-ji (増上寺)

Zonno (存応)